If you notice a bony protrusion at the base of your big toe, you may have a bunion. A bunion is considered to be a bone deformity and may develop for specific reasons. These reasons can include certain genetic factors. The disorder causes the big toe to move toward the toe next to it, and the joint will gradually extend outward. There are additional reasons why bunions may form, which can include forms of arthritis, low arches, or foot injuries. The symptoms that are often associated with this condition are pain and discomfort on and near the affected area, swelling, numbness, and a burning sensation. Mild relief may be found when proper shoes are worn and when ceasing any activity that causes pain. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can treat this condition.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Lansdale, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.