A bone that extends on the side of the big toe is referred to as a bunion. A common reason for this condition to develop can come from wearing shoes that do not provide adequate room for the toes to move freely in. The toes may shift, and one toe may overlap the other. The toes have limited space to move around in, and this may result in cramping. There are other factors that can contribute to the development of bunions, which includes genetics or arthritis. Mild relief may be found when the correct size shoes are worn, and this is helpful in preventing pressure that is put on the bunion. When this condition exists, a diagnosis is performed, which includes having an X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound taken. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can properly treat this ailment.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Lansdale, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.