The bone deformity known as a bunion can cause pain and discomfort on the side of the big toe. It generally develops gradually, and can occur from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. This may cause the middle joint in the big toe to shift, and it may be difficult to wear the shoes that are normally worn. Common symptoms that many patients notice can include swelling, calluses that form on top of the bunion, and it may be painful on and around the big toe. Mild relief may be felt when larger shoes are worn, and it may help to wear a protective pad over it. If you have developed a bunion, please consult with a podiatrist who can recommend possible treatment options, which may include surgery for permanent removal.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Lansdale, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.